Oranges and Lemons

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Image from The Produce Companion by Meredith Kirton and Mandy Sinclair, published by Hardie Grant Books

With the first day of winter upon us it’s worth remembering that our very own cold and flu remedy from Mother Nature is ripening on trees this very moment in many backyards around the country.

Not to be sneezed at, citrus are handsome trees that can be particularly beautiful when in fruit over winter or in fragrant bloom during spring.

Use the juice and rind of citrus to make your own cordial, or try drying the peel and adding it to sugar to create a fragrant sweet treat.

Growing Citrus

Citrus love regular fertiliser, lots of sun and great drainage, but for more compressive tips, check out my fact sheet in Gardening Australia or read my Column in Homes Plus this month.

Pruning Tips

For the latest…check out this article on the ABC

The Japanese Connection

kokedama ballFrom Kokedama balls to Ikebana floral arrangements, it seems more and more of our green life if being influenced by Asia, especially Japan.

As winter approaches it makes sense to start bringing touches of the garden inside – and both these techniques are creative ways of achieving this. So what are they?

Kokedama are moss balls that effectively cover a plants roots and become a suspended sphere of garden. They work really well with a range of plants, and can be grown inside or out, depending on the species of plant grown.  If you’re interested in learning, Matt Carroll, known as the Hortiman, will be holding a 2 hour workshop this Saturday in Waitara. For details and bookings.ikebana

Ikebana is flower arranging with a difference. It balances colour, form, texture and line. People train for years to become Masters of this art form.  The Calyx at the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney is currently exhibiting arrangements by the School of Ikebana, both as individual compositions and also as a group installation. It will be on display till 28th May.  You can also book in for a half day workshop at the Calyx with  senior teacher Sandy Marker.

For more details check out the Sydney R.B.G’s website or the Australian Sogetsu Teachers Association.

The “War on Waste” has its front line in the backyard

wormsThe Chaser turned environmental crusader Craig Reucassel has again been ruffling feathers, this time exposing our disposable lifestyle and unrealistic food standards as largely to blame for massive problems in the ABC’s newest show War on Waste 

Approxiamately half of our household waste is food scraps. Having recently moved from suburbia to an apartment, I have been missing my compost heap and worm farm, but decided to try and instigate a community worm farm at the flats. They live happily near the green bin and yellow bins and now delight in 4 household’s worth of vegetable scraps in their bellies each day. And all the while saving organic matter from growing into landfill and causing methane gas from its anerobic breakdown.

Starting a worm farm does involve a small set up cost, but they can often be bought subsided from the local council.  Any outlay is quickly paid off with free fertisiler im the form of vermicast and worm wee, both great at not only adding nutrition but also beneficial organisms and microbes to your garden.

So now those spent flowers, kitty litter, vegetable peelings and even tea leaves and coffee grounds, have somewhere to go that’s actually doing some good to the environment.

The hungry bin is another great option. It creates an ideal living environment for compost worms. The worms convert organic waste into worm castings and a nutrient-rich liquid, in a large bin like container not unlike a wheelie. Bokashi buckets are great for people in apartments.

And the upshot of my new venture? Not only do four households now have the option to compost, the kids downstairs finally have some pets. Maybe not quite what they’d imagined but much easier to care for!!

The National Arboretum And National Bonsai Collection

 

The National Arboretum, which is planted on the site devasted by Canberra’s terrible 2003 fires, really has been a Phoenix rising from the ashes.

Many of the trees have grown well, but like all things green, there are constant changes and adaptations taking place.

Since it opened, a series of small gardens illustrating various environmental aspects have been planted and are thriving. These range from savvy lawn tips and herb gardens to bird attracting low water usage areas that highlight a need to be water responsible, especially in Canberra.

The latest gardens, designed by Neil Hobbs from Harris Hobbs, openned on Sunday 2nd April by former Patron of the Australian Open Garden Scheme, Tammy Fraser.

Known as the “Gallery of Gardens”, they contain various  gardens, including a celebration one for the Australian Open Garden Scheme (now defunct), an AIDS reflection garden, a labyrinth, and a Mununja Butterfly garden.

National Eucalyptus Day

I love the idea of this, but I’m in a quandary. My favourite gum tree is actually not a Eucalyptus, it’s an Angophora!  So where does that leave me? I feel “genusist”!

Who could not love the Sydney Red Gum? It’s stunning salmon coloured trunks look so stunning, especially when they have just shed their old bark and are showing off their new pinkish skin. Known as “decorticating”, this process is like the exfoliation version of the plant world!

IMG_1630Ok, so if that gum’s out, the what about the fabulous West Australian flowering red gums of which there are no so many stunning cultivars, including this marvellous pink one called ‘Summertime Pink’.  I am yet again snookered. It’s not a Eucalyptus anymore and has suffered from “rebranding” – now being a Corymbia botanically.

Fear not, there is always the garden writers favourite tree; thank goodness for the Scribbly Gum, Eucalyptus haemastoma, whose pale creamy trunks have been graffitied by a mysterious grub and leave indecipherable messages to each other.

But National Eucalyptus Day is supposed to be about what this tree means to us as a Nation. Who could of said it better than Harold Cazneaux when he photographed a red gum in South Australia and titled it The Spirit of Endurance. This Eucalyptus became one of the most recognisable images of its time.

The accompanying prose written in May 1941 by Cazneaux always gives me shivers.

This giant gum tree stands in solitary grandeur on a lonely plateau in the arid Flinders Ranges, South Australia, where it has grown up from a sapling through the years, and long before the shade from its giant limbs ever gave shelter from heat to white men. The passing of the years has left it scarred and marked by the elements – storm, fire, water, – unconquered, it speaks to us from a Spirit of Endurance. Although aged, its widespread limbs speak of a vitality that will carry on for many more years. One day, when the sun shone hot and strong, I stood before this giant in silent wonder and admiration. The hot wind stirred its leafy boughs, and some of the living elements of this tree passed to me in understanding and friendliness expressing The Spirit of Australia

Happy National Eucalyptus Day in any way, shape of form you choose!

Greener Pastures

The view from the French doors outside my lounge room windows at The Top Place make some people green with envy! Yet creating your own verdant lawn is not as hard as you might think.

Use a click on weed and feed sprayer connected to the hose for a fast and effective pick me up. But for a more lasting result, try aerating your grass.

Iif you’re struggling with your own green scene, coring your lawn can be done on a smaller scale than seen here, but the principal of lossening compacted areas to allow water and air to penetrate to the roots, and this increase growth of worn patches, remains the same.

 

Community Harvest and Thanks Giving

The Saturday before thanksgiving saw the Sydney Weekender come to to the Foodfaith garden in Lane Cove to film a segment on Community Gardening and the unity social enterprise that’s being trialed here at Hughes Park.

The idea was to not only end the year thanking everyone who helped put the garden together, but also give thanks back to Mother Nature by feeding the beds with chicken manure…a fitting full circle for the garden.

We at scrambled eggs for brunch, marinated tofu and eggplant and char grilled pumpkin and squash. Accompanied by our own tomato salad, pickled olives and elderberry cordial…and Rosie and the film crew from seven seemed to relish the meal too.

Bon appetite!

The Artful Garden

Bringing art into the garden may not mean plonking a piece of sculpture as a focal point or painting a fresco on the back fence. It could mean adding a sound installation, light work or even wor king something into your trees themselves, such as these hanging outdoor canvases, cork twister or twig nests.

If you’re creative, don’t be constrained to the indoors- your garden will benefit from thinking outside the square too.

For more ideas on how to turn you backyard into a personal gallery, check out the February Issue of Homes+ magazine when it comes out…and visit Eden Unearthed at Eden Gardens while it’s on at Macquarie Park.

Treecycle

 

Treecycle at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney in the Palm House and Moore Room is on daily from 10am till 4pm and money goes to the Friends and Foundation.

The exhibition features trees from the gardens that had to be felled, for one reason or another, and were then milled into timber for various artisans to craft into new creations.
From “trees to treasure” is a talk this August 18th, 9:45am morning tea at Rathborne Lodge, that explains the ins and outs of the process. Bookings are through the Friends and Foundation of the RBG.

I listened to a similar talk by David Bidwell, Senior Horticulturist at RBG, who looks after all the trees at the RBG and Domain and is the driver of most of the tree plantings undertaken these days. He spoke about the trees used for the exhibition.

“The project celebrates the sustainable recycling and reuse of some the Garden’s significant trees, which have died naturally, been pruned or felled due to disease.

Examples of how the timber came to be are varied. When the flying foxes were causing grief I the palm grove, one of the Kauri trees was killed.  From this came The kauri project which saw this  Agathis moorei, planted in the 1850’s aNsw removed in the 2007 then
21-22 artisans picked through this timber. They raised a good amount of money for the friends and so was born this project.”

Over 20 species, African yellow wood (Afrocarpus falcata) and Cedar, African plum (harpephyllum caffrum) fell over in the domain, Celtus and African olive (both weed species) – are all the spoils used for this exhibition.

At the Canalpie Furniture timber yard, trees were prepared by Richard for the mill and catalogued.

When ready, 45 Artisans collected the wood on the collection days (2 separate occasions in 2015) to crelate objects as diverse as a Chandelier, made out of wood veneer leaves, traditional wood turning from the 13th century furniture to modern cutting edge  gingko chairs and even a violin made from tallowood.  All works carry detailed information regarding the provenance of the wood used to create the piece on exhibition.